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1035
1558970

Skulptur, förgylld brons. De Sex dynastierna, eller tidigare.

Utropspris
80 000 - 120 000 SEK
7 070 - 10 600 EUR
7 520 - 11 300 USD
Klubbat pris
740 000 SEK
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För konditionsrapport kontakta specialist
Cecilia Nordström
Stockholm
Cecilia Nordström
Ansvarig specialist asiatisk keramik och konsthantverk, äldre europeisk keramik samt glas
+46 (0)739 40 08 02
Skulptur, förgylld brons. De Sex dynastierna, eller tidigare.

Tigern skulpterad gåendes med muskulös kropp och välmodellerade drag. Längd 15,5 cm. Höjd 9 cm. Höjd med senare bottenplatta 11,5 cm.

Proveniens

Theodore Cultry, Paris.
Bluett & Son Ltd, London aquired it from Theodore Cultry, on 16 May 1935 (£95).
O.T. Falk acquired it from the above on 28 September 1935 (£180).
Consiged for sale by O.T. Falk and sold by Bluett & Son Ltd, London to Carl Kempe, 18 May 1938 (£190).

Bukowskis part of the Bonhams Network extends a thank you to Dominic Jellinek, Bluett & Son archives.

The Carl Kempe Collection.

Bukowskis is privileged to offer a selection of Chinese gold, silver, and gilt-bronze works of art, dating from the Six Dynasties to the Ming Dynasty, from the collection of the eminent collector, Carl Kempe (1884-1967) and offered by his family.

The Swedish industrialist Carl Kempe was a leading figure of the Swedish pulp and paper industry, as well as an accomplished tennis player who won a silver medal at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm. Today he is better known internationally as a famed collector of Chinese antiquities.

Carl Kempe’s interest in Chinese art began in the early 1920s. He belonged to a group of Chinese art connoisseurs who began collecting in the early 20th century; he was also a member of the China Committee, created by HRH Gustav Adolf, later HRH King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden, Torsten Laurin, Johan Gunnar Andersson, Axel Carlander and Axel Lagrelius amongst others to acquire art from China. The China Committee later transformed into the China Club in Stockholm (a local branch of the Oriental Ceramic Society in London).

Delving into Carl Kempe’s inventories from the 1920’s and onwards one can see that he acquired items from Paris dealers such as C. T. Loo, Monsieur N. Knudsen and Monsieur L. Michon, and from London dealer Bluett & Sons, Sydney L. Moss, Yamanaka & Co., John Sparks, Mr Peter Boode, Mr Norton, K. Shimuzu, Spink & Son, Beijing dealers Wang Chia Yu and Cang I Chen, from Shanghai E. T. Chow, and from Stockholm dealers Hans Öström, C. E. Gadelius, Orvar Karlbeck, and the Karlbeck Consortium.
Following his initial interest in Chinese art in the 1920s, Carl Kempe and his wife travelled to China in 1935-1936, were he met up with the other famed Swedes out there such as Johan Gunnar Andersson, whose expeditions, and excavations he sponsored. In China it has been reported that he purchased some 250 items of Chinese art.

Kempe had been attracted to Qing dynasty polychrome porcelains initially, but he later developed a particular interest in white-glazed ceramics – especially those from the Tang-Song period.

The other area in which he developed a great interest in and subsequently formed a spectacular collection, was Chinese gold and silver, which ranged from the Bronze Age Zhou dynasty to the Qing dynasty.

His third area of specialised collecting was Chinese glass, that he bequeathed to the Östasitiska Museet in Stockholm, although he also acquired fine examples of Chinese lacquer, enamels, bronzes, and other items, as well expanding his interests to Roman, Egyptian, Islamic and Etruscan glass, and gold.

He also loaned pieces from the collection to several international exhibitions, for example, to the ‘Ausstellung der Vereinigung der Freunde Ostasiatischer Kunst, Köln, 1926,
the famous 1935-36 International Exhibition of Chinese Art in London (see listing on page xxxi index of lenders). His good friend J. G. Andersson gave a lecture at the Royal Society, Burlington House, December 5th, 5 P.M. "The Goldsmith in Ancient China". The Arts de la Chine Ancienne, Musee de L’Orangerie, Paris, 1937. After this exhibition he seems to have purchased some gold items that was on loan by Madame de Wannieck, Paris. He also lends a good number of items to the exhibition in Copenhagen ‘Kinas Kunst i Svensk og Dansk eje, det danske Kunstindustrimuseum, Kobenhamn’, 1950.

As an enthusiastic, academic collector (he described himself as a manic collector), Kempe welcomed scholars and collectors from all over the world, to view, discuss and research his remarkable collection and collected to end of his days. Kempe sponsored numerous research projects and excavations and was a true patron of the arts and made numerous donations to Östasiatiska Museet in Stockholm.

After his death in 1967 the collection continued to be displayed at his residence at Ekolsund Castle, and in the 1970s his daughters followed their father’s footsteps and agreed to lend some 150 items of ceramics, gold, and silver from the Kempe collection. So, they were sent on a touring exhibition in the United States in collaboration with The Asia Society and the Smithsonian, published by Bo Gyllensvärd, who wrote his PhD on the Collection, in Chinese Gold and Silver and Porcelain - The Kempe Collection, 1971.

In 1997 a large part of the Kempe collection of ceramics, gold and silver was sold to the Museum of Art and Far Eastern Antiquities in Ulricehamn. Some ten years later the collection was sold at auction and part of them were auctioned at a sale entitled Masterpieces of Chinese Precious Metalwork: Early Gold and Silver, held by Sotheby’s London on 14 May 2008.

The objects now on offer have remained with Kempe family – and are now offered for sale by the family.

Utställningar

Kinas Kunst i svensk och dansk eje, 391. Udstillning i det Danska Kunstindustrimuseum, København, april 1950. Lot No 102. Listed there as: Provenance, Chuansien, Southern Shensi. Han or slightly later. From the Collection of Dr Carl Kempe.

Compare other gilt bronze sculptures of animals from the Six dynasties, see for example Sotheby’s a dragon depicted walking in this manner from the collection of Stephen Junkunc, III, 19th March 2019, lot 116.
For another dragon, see Sotheby’s, Junkunc: Arts of Ancient China II /Lot 247. 10 September 2019 • New York.

Litteratur

Osvald Siren, ‘Kinas konst under tre årtusenden’, Vol I-II. Stockholm 1942. To be found in the chapter on the Six dynasties and the Sui dynasty. Depicted on Pl 126. Image 3. Listed as from the Collection of C. Kempe, Stockholm.

Royal Academy of Arts, London 1935-36, International Exhibition of Chinese Art. Compare with other gilt bronze animals depicted dated as Six dynasties, see lot no 516 (the dragon is depicted in the same pose, walking), 528 and 500. Also, animals dated as Wei, lot 520. and two Han beasts, see lot no 518 and 527.

Roy Davids & Dominic Jellinek, Provenance, Collectors, Dealers & Scholars: Chinese Ceramics in Britain & America. See page 176, about the Collector Osvald Toynbee (1879-1972).

Övrig information

Striking for its powerful dynamism and slender elegance, this striding tiger embodies the majesty and virility entirely commensurate with its role in Chinese cosmology.

The Four Symbols are mythological creatures appearing among the Chinese constellations along the ecliptic, and viewed as the guardians of the four cardinal directions. These four creatures are also referred to by a variety of other names, including "Four Guardians", "Four Gods", and "Four Auspicious Beasts". They are the Azure Dragon of the East, the Vermilion Bird of the South, the White Tiger of the West, and the Black Tortoise (also called "Black Warrior") of the North.

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