"Europa och tjuren" (Europa and the bull)
Painted/marbled plaster. Height 79 cm, length 65 cm.
M.P. Verneuil, "Carl Milles. Sculpteur suédois", 1929, compare p. 52-54.
Henrik Cornell, "Milles skönhetsvärld", 1957, compare p. 70-75 no 13-17.
Henrik Cornell, "Carl Milles", SAK, 1963, compare p. 54-62.
Meyric R. Rogers, "Carl Milles. An interpretation of his work", 1973, compare p. 24-25, plate 33-37.
Erik Näslund, "Carl Milles. En biopgrafi", 1991, compare p. 192-195.
In a monumental scale the fountain sculpture "Europe and the bull", in Halmstad in Sweden, was built in 1926. A replica was later built at Millesgården, Sweden.
Carl Milles was a Swedish sculptor born in Lägga. He studied at the Technical School in Stockholm, at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Auguste Rodin and on study trips to Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium. In Paris he came to stay for many years and made a living as an ornament carver. He studied the animals in the Jardin des Plantes (the Zoological Garden) and was strongly influenced by Auguste Rodin. Milles made a breakthrough with a monument to Sten Sture in Uppsala. He exhibited at the World's Fair in 1900 and was later given a solo exhibition at the Tate Gallery in London. Milles was professor of modeling at the Royal Academy of Arts in Stockholm. Well-known sculptures in public places signed by Carl Milles are the "Gustav Vasa" statue at the Nordic Museum, "Orfeusgruppen" outside the concert hall in Stockholm and the "Poseidonfontänen" in Gothenburg.Read more